Economic Importance Of Bacteria And Fungi PDF
Economic Importance Among the economically important genera ... certain bacteria and yeasts also play impor-tant roles. ... fungi that cause skin diseases in humans, including athlete’s foot and ringworm, are also imperfect fungi.
economic importance of these organisms, it is im-perative that we obtain a more detailed picture of its genome. Table 1. Some Filamentous Fungi of Special Importance to Man Medicine Agriculture Biotechnology Basic research ... ease-causing bacteria.
explain the economic importance of bacteria. 9. demonstrate the techniques used to isolate and stain bacteria. ... and their economic importance. Fungi were initially classified as plants, and the study of fungi called mycology developed as a branch of botany.
Of primary economic importance is algin, a cell wall component of brown algae that makes ice cream smooth, cosmetics soft, and paint uniform in consistency, among other uses. ... For more information regarding bacteria, protists or fungi, refer to Exercises 23, 24, 25 and 26 of
THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF BIODIVERSITY As we all know the earth originated 4500 million years ago. The first life forms on earth have been reported in the form of the bacteria and algae 3000 million years ago.
The kingdoms Monera which includes all the bacteria and the protoctista which includes the protoza, the diatoms and some algae are in a way the lowest among ... 2.3.4 Economic importance of Fungi A. Harmful Fungi Several agricultural plants like sugar cane, maize, cereals, vegetables suffers from
ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF MARINE MICRO ORGANISMS Y. Chandrika Central ,\1arille Fisheries Research Institute, Coc/,ill -18. Bacteria and allied micro-organisms
Fungi and bacteria are the earth’s principal decomposers. They are used in the industrial production of many chemical ... C. Economic Importance 1. Penicillium species a. Produce penicillin antibiotic b. Flavor cheeses like Roquefort and Camembert 2.
BIOLOGY & DIVERSITY OF VIRUSES, BACTERIA AND FUNGI: General characters of viruses, ultrastructure of virions, Isolation and purification of viruses; Chemical ... Biology and economic importance of Cyanobacteria – Salient features and biological importance. Mycology: ...
We rely on bacteria and fungi to act as decomposers that keep nutrients cycling through the food chain. ... ical and economic importance of viruses and bacteria. Why It’s Important Viruses and bacteria are impor-tant because many cause diseases in plants and animals.
I. Kingdom Fungi (also Kingdom Mycota) A. Important in decay, disease, and symbiotic relationships B. Economic importance as a source of antibiotics, food, and fermentation 1. ... work with bacteria or algae to break down rock D. Usually filamentous (has fila ments) 1.
Economic importance of fungi : a. Utilization of fungi by man as food, in food processing, in production ... genetical importance of bacteria. 2. Economic importance and industrial uses of bacteria. Paper-II ALGAE AND BRYOPHYTA Section A-Algae
plant viruses; Economic importance Unit-II: Bacteria Morphology and ultra structure of bacteria; Nutritional types (autotrophs and ... Symptoms caused by plant pathogenic fungi, bacteria and viruses. 4. Classification of plant diseases. Unit-II 5. Entry of pathogens into the host
Unit: A (VIRUSES, BACTERIA, FUNGI AND PLANT PATHOLOGY) A. Bacteria: origin and evolution, diversity and classification of eubacteria, bacterial growth ... economic importance of algae B. Bryophyta: general characteristics, structure and reproduction in bryophytes; alternation
direct economic importance. Slime molds are cosmopolitan organisms that feed on bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and other tiny organisms. Their life cycle is similar to those of true fungi. Perhaps this is one of the reasons why they were classified
Keywords: aerobic, anaerobic, bacteria, citric acid production by fungi, classification of molds(bacteria, yeasts), facultative aerobic, growth and multiplication(of molds, ... Yeasts of Industrial Importance 4. Bacteria 4.1. General 4.2. Morphological Characteristics 4.3. Growth and Multiplication
The Economic Importance of Enzymes Naming of enzymes ... bacteria, fungi and yeast – are used as source material. The bacteria Bacillus and fungi Aspergillus are particularly significant. Microorganisms can be genetically engineered to produce higher
Lecture 16 Morphology of algae – economic importance. Learning objectives: Algae being the primary producer in aquatic ecosystem, their role in environmental
Fungi are of tremendous economic importance to us. Some fungi such as mushrooms, morels, puffballs and truffles are consumed as delicacies or appetisers, ... antibiotic cephalosporin capable of acting on a wide variety of pathogenic bacteria.
bacteria. u Fungi can grow on substances with very low moisture . ... ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FUNGI u 25-50% of harvested fruits and vegetables are damaged by fungi. ... Ecological Importance of Algae
Bacteria: Structure, nutrition, reproduction and economic importance. An outline of ... Algae, Fungi, Lichens, Bacteria, Viruses, Plant Pathology, Industrial Microbiology and Bryophyta. S. Chand & Company Ltd, New Delhi. Pandey, B. P. 2006.
Paper I: Diversity of Viruses, Bacteria, & Fungi M.M. 50 Unit-I History, nature and classification of ... economic importance of fungi. Unit-II Viruses:Symptoms of virus infection in plants; transmission of plant viruses; genome organisation,
Biology of Fungi, Lecture 2: The Diversity ... but today are known as Gram-positive bacteria ... l Not of economic importance Q Neocallimastigales l Obligate anaerobes l No mitochondria, but instead produce energy via a hydrogenosome
and Economic importance of Bacteria. Fungi and Plant Pathology: - General characters, cellular organizations, nutrition, reproduction, classification and economic importance Plant disease symptoms, disease cycle and control measures
Paper I - Diversity of Viruses, Bacteria & Fungi M. M.: 50 Paper II - Diversity of Algae, Lichens, & Bryophytes M. M.: 50 Paper III - Diversity of ... organisation and reproduction in fungi; economic importance of fungi. Unit-II Viruses:Symptoms of virus infection in plants; ...
BIOLOGY AND DIVERSITY OF VIRUSES, BACTERIA AND FUNGI Unit-I : Bacteria, Viruses and Phytoplasma 1.1 Eubacteria: General account, nutritional types, ultrastructure of cell wall and ... Unit-III: Economic importance of Bacteria, viruses & fungi.
what are Descriptions of Fungi and Bacteria? ... • notes on economic impacts, infraspecific variation, dispersal and transmission ... • Fungi of importance in applied fields such as bio-control, biodegradation, biodeterioration, biotechnology,
Paper I: Diversity of Viruses, Bacteria, & Fungi M.M. 50 Unit-I History, nature and classification of Viruses ... economic importance of fungi. Unit-II Viruses:Symptoms of virus infection in plants; transmission of plant viruses; genome organisation,
Economic importance of Fungi. (12) 3. Protozoa-: Classification of Levine (up to subkingdom), general characteristics, reproduction.Economic importance. ... Isolation and enumeration of bacteria and fungi from natural sources: soil, air and water
soil-inhabiting Fungi Imperfecti and bacteria, both of which groups are considerably smaller in number of representatives and less active ... ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE The role of fungi in nature consists of their part in the decomposi-
concentrations of polluting chemicals than are bacteria, which explains why fungi have been investigated extensively since the mid-1980s for their bioremediation capacities. ... species of little economic importance but of applied potential because of Degradationof plant cell wall polymers 9.
Economic importance. Bacteria Morphology and ultra structure of bacteria; Nutritional types (autotrophs and heterotrophs); ... Symptoms caused by plant pathogenic fungi, bacteria and viruses. 4. Classification of plant diseases. 5. Entry of pathogens into the host
Economic importance of Bacteria. Unit-II Phycology General characters and classification of different divisions (classes) of Algae: Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta. ... Economic importance of Fungi: food and fodder, industry, medicine.
Economic importance of fungi. BACTERIA UNIT VII History, Bacterial morphology and fine structure Classification of bacteria (Bergy’s manual of Systematic Bacteriology 9th Edition). appendages, envelopes, spores. Nutrition- Bacterial photosynthesis- chemosynthetic
Give examples of the economic importance of fungi - name 2 Beneficial and 2 Harmful fungi. ... 1 Outline the distribution of fungi & bacteria in nature 2 Outline the Laboratory Procedures for Micro-organisms 3
Diversity of Viruses, Bacteria, & Fungi M.M. 50 Unit -I History, nature and ... organisation and reproduction in fungi; economic importance of fungi. Unit-II Viruses: Symptoms of virus infection in plants; transmission of plant viruses; genome organisation,
economic importance, life cycle of Pythium, Penicillium and Agaricus ... Study of permanent slide of morphological type of bacteria, fungi and mycorrhiza. 2. Gram staining of bacteria 3. Sectioning of temporary preparation of locally available specimens of algae, fungi and
gene manipulation, classification as per Bergey Manual (1973) economic importance of bacteria. iii) Thallophytes - a) Algae: A ... reproduction, life cycles phylogeny and affinities of the main classes of fungi; Economic importance of fungi. c) Lichens - A general account of lichens ...
Key words: Banknote, currency, bacteria, fungi, microbial contamination, Sudan. Introduction Money is very important to human life as it facilitates our economic and trade needs ... Their research findings emphasized the economic importance of banknotes as a source of microbial contamination.
Economic importance of fungi 2. Lichens-a general account 3. Classification and distribution of micro-organism in nature Unit III Microbiology ... Study of types of bacteria with the help of prepared slides or prepared culture or photographs. Elementary micrometry.
of fungi. Economic importance of fungi. Unit – 2. A study of the structure and reproduction in the following genera ... Pandey, B.P. (1997) : College Botany Vol.I. Including Algae, Fungi,Lichens, Bacteria, Viruses, Plant Pathology, Industrial Microbiology & Bryophyta S. Chand & Co., New ...
Diversity of Viruses, Bacteria & Fungi 50 Paper II Diversity of Algae, Lichens, & Bryophytes 50 ... economic importance of fungi. Unit-II Viruses: Symptoms of virus infection in plants; transmission of plant viruses; genome organisation,
(iii) Economic importance of Bacteria: Economic importance of bacteria: Useful role of bacteria - medicine ... Economic importance of Fungi: Useful role of Fungi in breweries, bakeries, cheese processing, mushroom cultivation
to be microbiological curiosities of no great economic importance, have become the subjects of intensive searches for sources of new ... dealing with selective isolation of the higher fungi at the expense of bacteria or of bacteria at the expense of molds. Several investigators used antibiotics ...
Economic Importance 1. Many species of Pythium are plant pathogenic and known to cause various diseases like Pythium ... ures of bacteria and fungi, hence also called ‘weed of the laboratory’. T Reproduction: The conidial s w
Diseases caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, nematodes, higher parasitic plants. ... Discuss the economic importance the above pathogens to agriculture in Nigeria. 3. Suggest methods of control of smut and damping-off diseases in Nigeria.
There are about 30,000 diseases of economic importance in the ... Bacteria are minute one-celled microbes closely related to fungi. Plant pathogenic bacteria do not produce spores. They reproduce by simple cell division.
economic importance of plant pathogen management and the basic biology (especially life cycles) of bacteria, fungi, viruses, nematodes, mycoplasma-like organisms, and ... Bacteria and fungi do not ingest their host, but use absorptive nutrition (enzymatic
Economic Importance The effect of the presence of worm parasites are not ... way for bacteria and fungi to enter, causing other serious a community or county basis. Since some of these parasites diseases. are transmitted by insect vectors, ...
Paper-I : Viruses, Bacteria, Cyanobacteria, Algae, Fungi and Lichens Total No of Teaching Hours : 60 Total No of Teaching Hours per Week : 04 ... Economic importance of Bacteria (Useful and harmful effects). Bactria diseases – Citrus canker, Sugarcane red stripe.